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From Homeland to Overseas: What Drove Over 860,000 to Seek Jobs Abroad?



In the year 2023, a remarkable trend unfolded in Pakistan as over 860,000 individuals decided to explore job opportunities beyond their homeland, marking the highest migration since 2015. This mass movement, evident from the data provided by the Bureau of Emigration & Overseas Employment, prompts us to delve deeper into the why and how of this substantial exodus.

A Record-Breaking Trend: 2023’s Migration Overview

The year 2023 witnessed an unprecedented surge in Pakistani citizens leaving their country for employment prospects abroad. This figure, exceeding the 2022 count of 832,339 individuals, suggests a growing inclination towards international opportunities.

The Faces of Migration: Diverse Workforce Seeking Opportunities

Breaking down the statistics, a diverse array of professionals and skilled workers embarked on this journey. The majority, including 385,892 laborers and 196,575 drivers, underscores the prevalence of manual and transportation-related professions. Beyond the manual workforce, we find a significant number of professionals such as 8,741 engineers, 7,390 accountants, 3,486 doctors, and 1,533 teachers contributing to this migration trend.

Skill Spectrum: From Highly Qualified to Unskilled Workers

Exploring the skill distribution, the data reveals a spectrum ranging from highly qualified to unskilled workers. Among them, 22,760 were highly qualified and 45,687 highly skilled, showcasing a broad range of expertise leaving the country. Additionally, 314,932 skilled workers, 86,593 semi-skilled individuals, and a majority of 392,653 unskilled workers sought employment opportunities abroad.

Preferred Destinations: Where Are They Heading?

Saudi Arabia emerged as the top destination, attracting a whopping 426,951 workers, followed by the United Arab Emirates with 229,894 individuals. Other notable countries on the list include Qatar (55,112), Oman (60,046), Malaysia (20,905), Bahrain (13,345), Greece (2,914), Romania (4,947), and Iraq (4,307).

Beyond the Numbers: What’s Not Included in the Data?

It’s crucial to note that the provided data only encompasses individuals registered with the Bureau of Emigration & Overseas Employment. Those moving abroad for educational purposes or through direct immigration routes are not part of this list.

Unpacking the Reasons: Challenges in the Local Job Market

This mass migration points to persistent challenges in the local job market, raising questions about the factors influencing such a significant trend. The aspirations of the Pakistani workforce to explore better opportunities on the international stage are evident through this migration.

Implications for Pakistan: Economy, Workforce, and Beyond

The implications of this trend extend beyond the immediate numbers, prompting questions about its impact on the national economy, workforce dynamics, and the potential measures required to address the root causes of such a significant migration pattern. The surge in Pakistani job seekers abroad in 2023 reflects a complex interplay of factors, from the prevalence of specific professions to the overarching challenges in the local job market.

Balancing Globalization: Addressing Workforce Needs

Understanding this trend is crucial for policymakers and stakeholders to devise effective strategies that cater to the aspirations and needs of the Pakistani workforce. As we navigate through this era of globalization, it becomes imperative to strike a balance between international opportunities and addressing the issues within the homeland.

Sapphire Builders’ Contribution: Investment and Employment Opportunities

Sapphire Builders and Associates, recognized as one of the top real estate and construction companies in Rawalpindi and Islamabad, play a pivotal role in this landscape. Providing the best consultancy on real estate investment, they are currently working on notable projects like Opal Mall, Luxury Suites in Bahria Phase 4, and Oak Vista in Murree, set to be completed soon.

While contributing to the real estate sector, Sapphire Builders also emphasizes the importance of creating job opportunities within the homeland. They request the government to take necessary steps to facilitate citizens in securing jobs locally. Acknowledging that they not only provide investment opportunities but also employment opportunities with fair compensation, Sapphire Builders stands as a testament to the synergy between private enterprises and government initiatives for holistic progress.

About the Author: Abdul Moiz Sheikh

Abdul Moiz Sheikh has a BBA in Project Management and 2 years of experience in content writing and article writing. Combining academic knowledge with hands-on insight, he's known for his analytical skills and compelling narratives. Abdul distinguishes himself in the writing industry.

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